The Brain-Machine Interface: Nanotechniques for Improving Brain Electrochemical Monitoring and Modulating

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Purpose: Present-day neuromodulation, e.g. deep brain stimulation (DBS), is limited by inefficient charge transfer from electrodes to brain tissue, lack of brain chemical (neurotransmitter) monitoring, and absence of feedback-guided stimulation. Although DBS using platinum macroelectrodes [...]

Direct Observation of Nanofabrication using the Optical Microscope combined with Nanopipette/QTF-AFM System

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We demonstrated direct observation of nanofabrication using the optical microscope (OM) combined with nanopipette/QTF-AFM (Quartz Tuning Fork-Atomic Force Microscopy) system. Various solutions are ejected onto the substrate through the nano-/micro-aperture of the pulled pipette, and [...]