The number of potential uses of science and/or technology at the nanoscale level in the food and food ingredient industry is growing rapidly with ongoing research in a variety of application areas. Many applications offer [...]
In our previous study, we first prepared TiO2 nanoparticle-encapsulating poly(vinyl chloride) (TEPVC) aiming at breakthrough to enhance the dispersibility of TiO2 nanoparticles in PVC matrix to maximize catalytic activities of TiO2 nanoparticles. The present study [...]
Heterogeneous reactions of atmospheric gases on aerosol particles may play an important role in atmospheric chemistry. However, the kinetics and mechanisms of adsorption and reaction of atmospheric gases on aerosol surfaces are not well understood. [...]
The development and applications of nanomaterials have presented a unique problem to environmental scientists and risk assessors. Until now, the models and paradigms used to predict the behavior of chemicals in the environment and thereby [...]
Engineered nanomaterials differing in size, shape, surface area and composition are used in research, industrial, and consumer applications. Because of their unique structure and size the need exists for toxicological profiles of nanoparticles as a [...]
There are increasing concerns about the health and environmental impact of nanomaterials. The study of Sun et. al 2006 provided the evidence of facilitated bioaccumulation of As(V) in carp in the presence of titanium dioxide [...]
Carbon nanotubes are emerging as potential tools in drug delivery nanocarriers to target specific cell types and carbon cages filled with metal molecules may improve MRI microimaging. The present paper reviews the current state of [...]
Bioremediant cleaning products are investigated for every day use by consumers in their homes. Nano-components such as biosurfactants, enzymes, metaloenzymes, and chelating agents are derived from Sea Kelp and are the result of naturally occurring [...]
Some considerable effort has recently been displayed by manufacturers, researchers, regulatory bodies, professional organizations, NGOs, and other interested parties addressing how nano-particles and their manufacture should be environmentally regulated. The term environment here is used [...]
This paper describes an approach to assess atmospheric pollutant in the troposphere and their spectral characteristic signatures by using high-spectral and spatial resolution ASTER data and its analysis of variance with in-situ data obtained using [...]
The influence of direct current electric fields on the possible electrokinetic delivery of a nano-iron slurry in clay for the purpose of fast and effective remediation of soil contaminants has been tested. Nano-iron can be [...]
The presentation contains two innovative applications of nano-sized materials for environmental application: 1) Pd catalysts for wastewater treatment. The new ferromagnetic nano-sized Pd catalysts have proved effective for selective dechlorination of industrial wastewater. Extraction by [...]
We have all heard about the marvelous advances being made in the use of nanomaterials in imaging, cancer therapy and controlled release pharmaceuticals. What is less well known is the role of nanotechnology in prevention [...]
Safety assessment of dental composites is focused on the toxicity of leachable unreacted monomers. With the advent of nanostructured materials, safety assessment needs to include the potential toxicity of nanoparticles. The objective of this study [...]
High-throughput OMICs biotechnologies combined with a systems biology approach were used to screen for the toxicity of nanomaterials. Profiling of the macromolecular interactions within human cells was done with mRNA and miRNA expression microarrays (genomics) [...]
The applications of nanomaterials include fields as biomedicine, cosmetics or food science, raising a concern about the need to determine their toxic effects. Most of the toxicity tests are based on the analysis of classical [...]
Numerous publications and reports have expressed health and safety concerns about the production and use of nanoparticles, especially in areas of exposure monitoring, personal use, and environmental fate and transport. We suggest that stable isotopic [...]
The use of nanoparticles and NMR detection technologies has lead to significant improvements in sensitivity. Nanoparticles have many useful optical and electronic properties derived from their small size. When coupled to affinity ligands, these materials [...]
Given the anticipated growth of the nanotechnology industry and the deficiency of toxicological information, there is an obvious need for rapid, relevant and efficient testing strategies to evaluate the biological activity and toxic potential of [...]
, Cho H.-H.
, Cui K.
, Huang X.
, Li F.
, Rogers J.T.
, Wong S.T.C.
, Zhou X.
, Zhu J.
, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, US
There are growing concerns among the general public and regulators about their potential health hazard. To determine the potentially toxic responses of CNS due to exposure of metal oxide nanoparticles, human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma and H4 [...]
This study aims at developing cell-based assays to assess the potential cytotoxic and proinflammatory effects of nanomaterials, using 15 nm gold nanoparticles as a model. In a MTT cytotoxicity assay, significant cytotoxicity was found in [...]
The objective of this research is to evaluate the potential risk of human exposure to nanomaterials in drinking water by examining three issues: 1) characteristics and stability of nanomaterials in the water environment; 2) removal [...]
Carbon nanotubes are emerging as potential tools in drug delivery nanocarriers to target specific cell types and carbon cages filled with metal molecules and may improve MRI microimaging. The present paper reviews the current state [...]
Journal: TechConnect Briefs
Volume: 2, Technical Proceedings of the 2007 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, Volume 2
Published: May 20, 2007
Industry sectors: Medical & Biotech | Personal & Home Care, Food & Agriculture
Topic: Environmental Health & Safety of Nanomaterials