Wavelet Transform Image Compression Prototype

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In this study, we seek to develop a low power, area efficient wavelet compression chip capable of reconstructing sharp images at acceptable noise levels. It can be used in conjunction with such devices as the 256 x 256 CMOS Active Pixel Sensor (APS) camera under developed at JPL [1], or because of its small size, incorporated on the image sensor itself. A software algorithm is used to simulate the hardware and yield predicted values prior to fabrication. We limit our focus to the two-coefficient Haar Wavelet and one level Subband Coding (SBC). These parameters allow us to best emulate hardware restrictions in software. As a result, the software algorithm should yield very close findings to those of the hardware. Zerotree Encoding, which is a less restrictive algorithm, is employed as a standard. Reported results from Zerotree Encoding for 8:1 compression of the 512 x 512 standard Lena image yield a Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR) of 43.3 dB. Our software results for 8:1 compression of the 256 x 256 Lena image yield a PSNR of 37 dB, which is quite good given the more restrictive nature of our algorithm.

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Journal: TechConnect Briefs
Volume: Technical Proceedings of the 1999 International Conference on Modeling and Simulation of Microsystems
Published: April 19, 1999
Pages: 671 - 674
Industry sector: Sensors, MEMS, Electronics
Topics: Modeling & Simulation of Microsystems, Photonic Materials & Devices
ISBN: 0-9666135-4-6