Numerical Analysis of Nanofluidic Sample Preconcentration in Hydrodynamic Flow

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This paper presents the first, high-fidelity numerical study of nanofluidic streaming potential-based sample preconcentration. Parametric analysis is performed to capture the critical effects of pressure and background electrolyte (BGE) concentration on preconcentrator performance. Our studies demonstrate that ion-polarization and electric field barrier can be established at micro-nano-channel interfaces and substantial sample enrichment (>10,000-fold) can be readily achieved using hydrodynamic flow. The results can be used for practical design and operational protocol development for novel sample preconcentrators.

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Journal: TechConnect Briefs
Volume: 3, Nanotechnology 2008: Microsystems, Photonics, Sensors, Fluidics, Modeling, and Simulation – Technical Proceedings of the 2008 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, Volume 3
Published: June 1, 2008
Pages: 442 - 445
Industry sectors: Medical & Biotech | Sensors, MEMS, Electronics
Topic: Micro & Bio Fluidics, Lab-on-Chip
ISBN: 978-1-4200-8505-1