Nanoparticle-enhanced Magnetic Field Induces Apoptosis in Nematode

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To investigate molecular consequence of magnetic field to C. elegans, Fe3O4 nanoparticles were incorporated into the culture media of C. elegans and the nematodes were grown under magnetic field for 4 days. For the expermental group, we observed a 30 to 50 percents reduction in the moving speed. However, only nematode at L4 stage exhibited this difference. To explore molecular mechanisms affected by this treatment, real-time RT-PCR was performed using primer paris specific for 120 genes. Differential expression for genes belonging to apoptosis was observed. Biochemical assay for Caspase 3 activity was performed. The magnetic field-treated nematode exhibited high levels of Caspase 3 activity consistent with real-time PRC. Fluorescence microscopy showed that apoptotic activity was associated with the Fe3O4 treatment. For further validation, a ced-3 mutant nematode under enhanced magnetic field showed less effect for the movement than wild-type. The current study indicated that nanoparticle-enhanced magnetic field induced apoptosis in nematode.

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Journal: TechConnect Briefs
Volume: 2, Nanotechnology 2008: Life Sciences, Medicine & Bio Materials – Technical Proceedings of the 2008 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, Volume 2
Published: June 1, 2008
Pages: 497 - 500
Industry sectors: Advanced Materials & Manufacturing | Medical & Biotech
Topic: Biomaterials
ISBN: 978-1-4200-8504-4