Fundamental knowledge on protein structures and the effect of ultraviolet light on these structures has paved the way for the development of a unique light-based immobilization technology that allows oriented protein immobilization onto micrometer sized spots. The methodology is considered to be a strong alternative to the conventional procedures which often include the use of harsh conditions such as strong chemicals and elevated temperatures. The technology behind this immobilization technique – here termed “light assisted immobilization” – is based on the fact that disulphide bridges that are naturally present within the protein structure can be broken as a result of UV-illumination. The free thiol groups (-SH) created upon disruption of a disulphide bridge are very reactive and can be used as linkers for covalent attachment to a surface. The surface can for example be gold or thiol-derivatized silicon, making this technology extremely useful for a large range of application areas, including biosensors.
Journal: TechConnect Briefs
Volume: 1, Technical Proceedings of the 2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, Volume 1
Published: May 8, 2005
Pages: 398 - 401
Industry sectors: Medical & Biotech | Sensors, MEMS, Electronics
Topicss: Biomaterials, Chemical, Physical & Bio-Sensors