Ferrofluid Masking for Lithographic Applications

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A novel self-aligned “soft masking” method that is compatible with traditional photolithographic processes is demonstrated. This method uses a suspension of ultra-fine iron oxide grains (ferrofluid) to protect or de-protect selected areas of a magnetically patterned substrate according to a programmable sequence. Automatic mask formation and registration is controlled by ferromagnetic alignment marks patterned on a substrate. External magnetic field bias applied to the system causes ferrofluid to aggregate only over designated areas on the surface, thereby masking those areas from UV or chemical exposure.

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Journal: TechConnect Briefs
Volume: 1, Technical Proceedings of the 2004 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, Volume 1
Published: March 7, 2004
Pages: 451 - 454
Industry sectors: Advanced Materials & Manufacturing | Sensors, MEMS, Electronics
Topics: Personal & Home Care, Food & Agriculture
ISBN: 0-9728422-7-6