Information Controlled Wireless Sensor Networks with Energy Aware Nodes

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We propose an algorithm whereby each node in a WSN decides its network involvement independently of its neighbouring nodes, based on its own resources and the information contained in the message. The concept of our algorithm is that a node with a high energy reserve acts for the good of the network by forwarding all messages that come to it, and by creating messages from all locally detected events. However, a node with a near-depleted energy reserve acts selfishly, by only forwarding or creating messages that have a high information content. If a node does not wish to participate in the routing of a message, it appears invisible by not responding to neighbour’s requests. The local energy level is also used to dynamically adjust the sensor sampling rate. The proposed algorithm supplements a conventional routing algorithm and, for the purposes of obtaining comparative results, message flooding is considered.

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Journal: TechConnect Briefs
Volume: 3, Technical Proceedings of the 2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, Volume 3
Published: May 8, 2005
Pages: 371 - 374
Industry sector: Sensors, MEMS, Electronics
Topics: MEMS & NEMS Devices, Modeling & Applications, Sensors - Chemical, Physical & Bio
ISBN: 0-9767985-2-2