Evaluations of PP-g-GMA and PP-g-HEMA as a Compatibilizer for Polypropylene/Clay Nanocomposites

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In this study, we investigated the performances of a hydroxy ethyl methacrylate grafted PP (PP-g-HEMA) and a glycidyl methacrylate grafted PP (PP-g-GMA) as compatibilizers in PP/clay nanocomposites. The compatibilizers were prepared by melt grafting with a radical initiator. Since the PP-g-MA is successfully and widely used in the PP/clay nanocomposites, we also studied three PP-g-MAs containing different amounts of MA and having different molecular weights for a comparison. PP/clay nanocomposites compatibilized by the PP-g-HEMA and the PP-g-GMA show a similar level of the clay interlayer distances with those of the PP-g-MAs. We also investigated the effect of molecular weights of the compatibilizers. In general, the compatibilizer of lower molecular weight was observed to exhibit lower performance as a compatibilizer. It is observed that an increase of polar group content in the modified PP (PP-g-HEMA, PP-g-GMA and PP-g-MA) always accompanies the molecular weight reduction, which deteriorates the mechanical properties. Thus, we prepared the PP-g-HEMA and PP-g-GMA by incorporation of a styrene comonomer. The compatibilizers (PP-g-HEMA-co-styrene and PP-g-GMA-co-styrene) thus obtained show good performance as a compatibilizer in the PP/clay nanocomposites. We observed that the PP/clay composites containing the PP-g-HEMA-co-styrene and the PP-g-GMA-co-styrene have very well balanced mechanical properties.

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Journal: TechConnect Briefs
Volume: 1, Nanotechnology 2010: Advanced Materials, CNTs, Particles, Films and Composites
Published: June 21, 2010
Pages: 842 - 845
Industry sector: Advanced Materials & Manufacturing
Topicss: Advanced Materials for Engineering Applications, Composite Materials
ISBN: 978-1-4398-3401-5