Effects of interface on the physical properties of nanoparticle-filled composites


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The effects of interface affinity on the rheological responses of nanoparticle suspended polymer solutions were investigated. The polarity on rheological properties of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticle filled-polymer solution was investigated for polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and polystyrene (PS). Both polymer solutions were prepared, respectively, at various loading levels.The PAN solutions with ZnO nanoparticles showed higher dynamic viscosity (η’) than pure PAN. However, η’ of PS solutions with ZnO higher than 2 wt% was lower than that of the pure PS. In the elastic properties of PAN solutions, a maximum value of G’ or G” was observed for 1 wt% loading in the same manner as the η’ data. PS solutions containing ZnO nanoparticles more than 2wt% had lower G’ or G” with increasing particle concentration compared with pure PS solution. While the presence of ZnO nanoparticles in PAN solutions decreased loss tangent (tanδ) over the frequency range examined, that in PS solutions more than 2 wt% increased tanδ at the frequency more than ca. 2 rad/s.

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Journal: TechConnect Briefs
Volume: 2, Technical Proceedings of the 2007 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, Volume 2
Published: May 20, 2007
Pages: 186 - 189
Industry sectors: Advanced Materials & Manufacturing | Personal & Home Care, Food & Agriculture
Topics: Advanced Materials for Engineering Applications, Personal & Home Care, Food & Agriculture
ISBN: 1-4200-6183-6