Creating a Global Hydrogen Infrastructure from Waste Materials

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The lack of a hydrogen infrastructure has impeded the implementation of fuel cell technology in many areas worldwide. At the same time, the world is awash with waste materials. For example, Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) management and Agricultural Solid Waste (ASW) management are two of the world’s biggest challenges. • Worldwide, the total MSW number is 1.3 billion tons per year and projected to double by 2025 (The Worldwatch Institute) • The US currently produces over 258 million tons of MSW per year, – 13% is converted to energy through old incinerators – 34% Recycled (mostly paper, glass, and metals and some plastic) – 53% is Landfilled. Over 136 million tons per year are deposited into 1,700 existing operating landfills • The USDA estimates that the US produces 335 million tons of ASW • Both landfills and ASW emit millions of tons of Methane and Carbon Dioxide (Greenhouse Gases) Eco Energy International has developed a new technology that economically converts over 80% of the MSW going to landfills into clean, renewable and profitable energy (hydrogen and syngas), significantly reducing the need for landfills. Since all of the organic or biogenic materials are converted, we eliminate the production of carbon dioxide and methane gases typically associated with landfills. This is a new modular, scalable technology that can produce hydrogen anywhere from multiple locally available feedstocks. This technology can use renewable feedstocks such as: • Municipal Solid Waste (MSW): Paper Products, Wood, Food Waste and Yard Waste and other Organic Materials • Agricultural Solid Waste (ASW): Animal Waste, Crop Waste and other Agricultural Organic Wastes • Food Industry Waste (FIW): Food Processing, Meat Processing and Food Service Wastes; i.e. Fryer Oils, Potato Peels • Lumber Industry Waste (LIW): Forest Slash Piles, Woodchips, Sawdust, etc

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Journal: TechConnect Briefs
Volume: 2, Materials for Energy, Efficiency and Sustainability: TechConnect Briefs 2018
Published: May 13, 2018
Pages: 267 - 270
Industry sectors: Advanced Materials & Manufacturing | Energy & Sustainability
Topics: Sustainable Materials
ISBN: 978-0-9975117-9-6